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I want to know about 13th century Mongolian army boots.
I know they used leather for their boots. The leather and the source of the leather is irrelevant to my research for now.
My question is that did they use any type of animal fur ( e.g. cow fur) in making their boots?
If yes, then did they use it on the interior of the boots or the exterior?
This might help you in answering the question.
If there's any problem in my question please inform me. Thanks!
According to The Field Museum's Genghis Khan online exhibit…
Leather, 19th-20th century, National Museum of Mongolia
These centuries-old leather boots are like those worn by warriors in Genghis Khan's empire and nomadic Mongolians today.
For battle, these felt-lined leather boots were often covered with armor plates as well. The turned-up toes signify respect for the land by minimizing the mark they left on the ground.
While the boots in the exhibit are not 13th century, the exhibit states they are of a similar style. The leather would likely have come from cattle or yak. So yes, "cowhide".
(As a side note, Discover Mongolia offers a different explaination for the upturned toes: "it's also true that boots are so thick and rigid that if they were flat, they would be almost impossible to walk in.")
Here's a Mongolian tanner describing the process of making traditional leather.
Multiple pictures posted in support of this question confirm that the outside of the boots were slick - the hair-on side could not have been outside. (simple logic dictates that the hair should go on the inside to keep the foot warm - hair on the outside isn't going to trap any heat. Hair on the outside might work for fashion, but the images indicate that the Mongolian fashion was for bright dye.)
Picture of a gutul
There are also an intimidating number of pinterest links that my have further details. I don't use pinterest, and pinterest is fairly hostile to anyone who doesn't have an account, so I'll leave that research for someone who is pinterest friendly
Were the mongol army boots of 13th century lined with fur? - History
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This page highlights full medieval armor wearable. All the medieval armor are handmade in Italy and each armor sets up in minutes on its own wood base. Our medieval replica armor follow original designs very closely of the museums. Each Medieval armor comes complete with stand on its own wood base as show.
The Functional Armour during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance have undergone many changes, because in the Middle Ages the art of making medieval battle ready Armour was highly developed, the various knights and nobles of the time had developed his own style in the armor, as if they participate in a competition well as military also style. And it is for this reason that in the section medieval armor is so large and full of different styles. This armours is produced in Italy, faithful to the ancient artisan tradition of Italian gunsmiths, from the Middle Ages that has been passed down from generation to generation and has come down to us.
This page highlights medieval armor decorative. All the medieval armor are handmade in Italy or Spain and each armor sets up in minutes on its own wood base.
Each Medieval armor comes complete with stand on its own wood base as show.
A Functional Cuirass and breastplate is a device worn over the torso to protect it from injury. All of our functional Cuirasses and breastplate, you can choose which type of steel you would like it made from.
The Cuirass refer to the complete torso-protecting armour.
The Breastplate is the front portion of plate armour covering the torso
The breastplate is the front portion of plate armour covering the torso, in ancient times was usually made of leather, bronze or iron in antiquity.
Around 1000 AD knights of the period were wearing mail in the form of a hauberk over a padded tunic.
During the 13th century, Plates protecting the torso, plates directly attached to a knightly garment known as the surcoat. True breastplates reappear in Europe in 1340 first composed of wrought iron and later of steel.
Around 1400, these early breastplates only covered the upper torso with the lower torso not being protected by plate until the development of the Fauld (Faulds) are a piece of plate armour worn below a breastplate to protect the waist and hips. They take the form of bands of metal surrounding both legs, potentially surrounding the entire hips in a form similar to a skirt.
Around 1450, the breastplate had expanded to cover the entire torso and could consist of one or two plates: the French term pancier, which became English pauncher and German panzer.
Components of medieval armour - protection of the torso: Breastplate, Brigandine, Cuirass, Culet, Pauncer, Plackart, Fauld, Hauberk.
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Spaulders are pieces of armour in a harness of plate armour, they are steel covering the shoulder with bands (lames) joined by straps of leather or rivets.
Pauldrons cover the shoulder area, tend to be larger than spaulders, covering the armpit and parts of the back and chest. A pauldron typically consists of a single large dome-shaped piece to cover the shoulder (the "cop") with multiple lames attached to it to defend the arm and upper shoulder. On some suits of armour, especially those of Italian design, the pauldrons would usually be asymmetrical, with one pauldron covering less (for mobility) and sporting a cut-away to make room for a lance rest.
The usage of a lance rest can be more readily gleaned by looking at the French term "arrêt", or "arrest". The lance rest was not used to simply hold the weight of the lance, as the English name might suggest, but to arrest the rearward movement of the weapon.
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Poleyn - Plate that covers the knee, often with fins or rondel to cover gaps.
Schynbald - Plate that covered only the shins, not the whole lower leg.
Cuisse - Plate that cover the thighs, made of various materials depending upon period.
Sabaton or Solleret - Covers the foot, often mail or plate.
Tasset or Tuille - Bands hanging from faulds or breastplate to protect the upper legs.
These wearable functional Medieval Gauntlets are fully articulated plate armour. You can choose the size, color, steel and gauge thickness. Functional gauntlets with an extended cuff covering part of the forearm. We have a variety of options that you can choose from to design your gauntlets.
Chainmail is a type of armour consisting of small metal rings linked together in a pattern to form a mesh.
With these rings may form different types of armor: an aventail or camail is a flexible curtain of mail attached to the skull of a helmet that extends to cover the throat, neck and shoulders. Part or all of the face, with spaces to allow vision, could also be covered. Butted Mild Steel, Butted Spring Steel, Round Rings Riveted, Flatring Round Rivets, Flatring Wedge Rivets, Light mail, Roman mail
Gorgets, Bevors, Collins and Chainmail Médiéval, collar designed to protect the throat, a set of pieces of plate armour, or a single piece of plate armour hanging from the neck and covering the throat and chest.
Reproduction medieval shields of iron and wood for historical re-enactment of medieval and exposure. Heraldic shields and almond scapezzati, and also the famous wheels of war with battle scenes engraved with a burin or etching. Battle shields, armor shields to be used with armor, medieval, Shields, cross and shield, Templar shields, medieval shields.
List of the helmets in production: Cervelliere, Spangenhelm, Nasal helmet, Bascinet, Barbute, Close helmet, Combat helmet, Great helm, Coppergate Helmet, Coventry Sallet, Frog-mouth helm, Horned helmet, Kettle hat, Visor (armor).
The Medieval helmet of the ninth and tenth century do not differ substantially from those of the Romans. Typical of this period is the Cervelliere Helmet. Towards the end of the 12th century. He begins the dualism between Bascinet, which is linked to the helmet Cervelliera and from which derive the following helmets to war, and the real combat helmet, which will develop the helmets knight tournament, and parade. In the 13th century. helmet became more closed and eventually cover the entire scalp characteristic is the helmet cylinder-conical holes for breathing, with one or two horizontal slits for the eyes. In the 14th century. the helmet is developing increasingly perfecting the defensive point of view often with the addition of the Cervelliere chainmail was reinforced, which grew into Barbute Bascinet was added to the visor, it is particularly heavy helmets used in the most brutal fighting. This page highlights medieval helmets wearables. Our medieval replica helmet follow original designs very closely of the museums.
reproductions of medieval helmets looks like it came out of a museum.- Medieval Helmets - SALLETS HELMETS
- Elmi Medievali - Elmo Celata o Bigoncia
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A cervelliere is a helmet hemispherical, close-fitting skull cap of steel, It was worn as a helmet during the medieval period.