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Prime Minister Robert Borden led Canada through World War I, eventually committing 500,000 troops to the war effort. Robert Borden formed a Union Government of Liberals and Conservatives to implement conscription, but the conscription issue split the country bitterly - with the English supporting sending troops to help Britain and the French adamantly opposed.
Robert Borden also led in achieving Dominion status for Canada and was instrumental in the transition from the British Empire to the British Commonwealth of Nations. At the end of World War I, Canada ratified the Treaty of Versailles and joined the League of Nations as an independent nation.
Highlights as Prime Minister
- Emergency War Measures Act of 1914
- Wartime Business Profits Tax of 1917 and the "temporary" Income Tax, the first direct taxation by the Canadian federal government
- Veterans benefits
- Nationalization of bankrupt railways
- Introduction of a professional public service
June 26, 1854, in Grand Pré, Nova Scotia
June 10, 1937, in Ottawa, Ontario
- Teacher 1868 to 1874
- Lawyer in Halifax, Nova Scotia
- Chancellor, Queen's University 1924 to 1930
- President, Crown Life Insurance 1928
- President, Barclay's Bank Canada 1929
- President, Canadian Historical Association 1930
- Unionist 1917 to 1920
Ridings (Electoral Districts)
- Halifax 1896 to 1904, 1908 to 1917
- Carleton 1905 to 1908
- King's County 1917 to 1920
- Robert Borden was first elected to the House of Commons in 1896.
- He was elected Leader of the Conservative Party in 1901 and was Leader of the Opposition from 1901 to 1911.
- Robert Borden led the Conservatives to victory in the 1911 general election on a platform against reciprocity or free trade with the United States, defeating Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberals.
- Robert Borden was sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada in 1911.
- He also served as President of the Privy Council from 1911 to 1917, and as Secretary of State for External Affairs from 1912 to 1920.
- In order to implement conscription, Robert Borden formed a coalition Union government with many Liberals. The Union government won the 1917 election but had only three Quebec members.
- Robert Borden retired as Prime Minister of Canada in 1920. Arthur Meighen became the next Prime Minister of Canada.